The history of Ukraine is a long and complex one, with the region being home to a variety of different cultures and civilizations over the centuries. The earliest recorded settlements in Ukraine date back to the Neolithic period, with the development of agriculture and the rise of early civilizations. In the 9th century, the state of Kievan Rus' was founded in the region, with Kyiv (also spelled Kiev) as its capital. Kievan Rus' was a federation of Slavic tribes, with the Varangians (Vikings) playing a significant role in its history.

The history of Kievan Rus' is a complex and fascinating one, with the state playing a significant role in the development of Eastern Europe and the broader region. The origins of Kievan Rus' can be traced back to the late 9th century, when the Varangians (Vikings) established themselves in the region. The Varangians were a group of Scandinavian warriors and traders who had been active in Eastern Europe for several centuries. They established the city of Kyiv (also spelled Kiev) as their capital, and began to expand their control over the surrounding area.

The history of Russia is a long and complex one, with the first recorded settlements dating back to the 9th century. Over the centuries, Russia has been ruled by a variety of different empires, governments, and leaders, and has gone through many periods of expansion and contraction.